Friday, December 9, 2016

Feminism Today

Text Box: Save Lewis!
                                                                                                                                  December 12, 2016
Dear LoMA Family,

Last month’s election affected many people in different ways, but I have been hearing from many of my women friends and students about how hurt they feel that the strongest woman candidate in American history was beat by a man who exhibited strong signs of sexism and bragged about sexually abusing women. According to exit polls, most voters, even those who voted for Mr. Trump, said they thought Ms. Clinton was more qualified for office. On the other hand, Mr. Trump mocked women’s appearance, denigrated Alicia Machado (the former Miss Universe) and told Hillary Clinton she didn’t have a presidential “look” or “stamina.” As we have learned over the last few decades, when men (and women for that matter) think this way and say these things it has real effects.  
Like racism and homophobia, sexism in our society has insidious and lasting effects on its targets. For example, only 14% of sixth grade girls report having low self-confidence, but that number rises to 36% by grade 12. We must recognize that our society promotes negative self-confidence among girls through insistent media images on-line, in movies and on television. Companies spend hundreds of millions on advertising to make girls feels inadequate so that they can make billions in fashion, make-up and weight-loss programs.
It’s easy to say that words and images shouldn’t hurt, but they do. We can see it in the fact that women get paid less, hired less and promoted less than men resulting in the fact that they only make 80 cents to each dollar a man makes. A three-year-old Princeton University study by Moss-Racusin et. al. demonstrated this in a convincing manner. They sent hiring officers at universities across the U.S. identical résumés for a lab-manager job that differed only in the gender of the hypothetical applicants. The résumé raters scored the male candidate higher on competence and hirability and were also more likely to offer the male candidate a bigger salary. By contrast, the hypothetical female applicants were rated more likable but less hirable. Furthermore they saw that the sexism crossed gender lines as female scientists were just as likely to favor male candidates as potential hires as male scientists were, a distressing sign of internalized sexism.
On top of this discrimination, women have a harder time being perceived as both likable and assertive. This was a big problem for Secretary Clinton and too many other women. It is still far too common to hear the “B” word in reference to women who are assertive. This is especially disturbing when one considers that there is no equivalent slur for an assertive man as so much of our society looks up to the “tough” man even if he is obnoxious.
Having said all of this, there are still reasons for hope. There are numerous studies that show a growing shift in gender dynamics among young men – they are much more likely to want egalitarian relationships and say they care about equality. Also, Secretary Clinton’s loss cannot be entirely blamed on sexism. She did win the popular vote by two and a half million votes. Most promising of all were the results down ballot where there were several firsts for women. The senate again has a female African American Senator in Kamela Harris (who is also Indian) from California and Catherine Cortez Musto of Nevada is America’s first Latina Senator. In the House of Representatives, Ilhan Omar is a Somali-American former refugee. Pramila Jayapal is now our first Indian American Congressperson and Cyrus Habib is the first from Iran. In Oregon, Kate Brown is America’s first gay or lesbian governor.
The treatment of Secretary Clinton should be upsetting on many levels, but this list is a very impressive sign that women are gaining political power at all levels; our government is truly becoming more diverse. And that can only lead to more fairness and opportunity.

What are you doing to make life fairer for women?

John Wenk

Dear LoMA Family,

I'd like to start off by saying I'm 17, female, black, and live in a capitalist society where conservatives and liberals run rampant condemning those who don't share the same or similar values, and when it comes to talking about racism and sexism, we’ve elected a  person who lacks any REAL overt experience points in either.

“What?!” you gasp.

“Who let her write this?!” you cry out

I mean I can give you something, it just won't be any of that E! Investigates or True Crime crap. Not a 'back in my day' story, either, considering that you’re all currently living in 'my day'.

Now some of you may shout things like “Ummm, my grandmother’s-aunt’s-cousin voted for Barack Obama, and he's not a person of color!' Or “Nuh-uh! Gender roles are slowly withering. Yes, many gender roles are SLOWLY withering but not fast enough, and not for all people. (And Karen, I could care less about who your grandmother’s-aunt’s-cousin voted for).

During this past, atrocious election, it didn’t matter that people were characterized as American or un-American, progressive or regressive. That doesn't mean every person who voted for Trump is 'deplorable' (Hillary's words, not mine.) However, both candidates preyed on the fear and frustrations of the American people. Their behavior was inexcusable, as well as shameful.

Neither candidate was the greatest representation of American values.

This problem isn't gonna go away.  It doesn't matter how many times you click your ruby red Yeezy's together and chant. The only notable overtly racist thing that's been done to me is being singled out and followed around a 99 cents store. The only notable overt sexist thing that happened to me is being told to carry around pepper spray.  “You’re a girl, not a man! Your reaction time to an attack is slower.” OUCH, right?

Since the election, the number of hate crimes continues to rise, and that can be closely related to the bad behavior and poor attitudes that were fostered under the swaddling blanket of the “Us against Them” messages of the campaign.

   What does this mean for our country? Who knows?  I mean the CEO of Disney was considered a candidate for the President-Elect’s cabinet.  So were a white supremacist and several completely unqualified and inexperienced people.  So I guess anything’s possible these days, Ay?

Always Forward, Forward Always.

Shaka
December 15              6:00                 Parents’ Association
December 15-17                                 LoMATE Performances of Remember Maine
December 21              4:00-8:00        Senior Jam Fundraiser in the Black Box (all grades invited)

Spirit Week
December 12                                       Pajama Day
December 13                                       School Colors Day
December 14                                       Twin Day
December 15                                       Blackout Day (wear all black)
December 16                                       Celebrity Day

Friday, December 2, 2016

Habits build Excellence

                  
                                                                                                                                    December 5, 2016

Dear LoMA Family,

Aristotle, an ancient Greek philosopher, wrote that excellence is not an action but a habit. In some ways, I think what he meant was that we are not successful because of the big decisions we make or actions that we take, but the thousands of little decisions that we make every day that we may not even be conscious of. For example, the relationships you have with your friends is more often based on the little ways that you show that you care rather than any big demonstrations of friendship. What really matters in a friendship is how often you call, how you speak to each other, your body language and the words you use without thinking. In some ways, all of this adds up to your attitude towards your friends, and without the right attitude, you’re never going to have long-term friendships.
In the same way, your grades are more often determined by your attitude towards school than any major actions you take. The fact that you did well on a particular exam or completed a single homework is not as important as the thousands of little decisions that show your attitude towards school. Think about how many little decisions you make every day that add up to your final grade:  How well developed are your notes? How regularly and completely do you complete your homework? How much do you contribute to class discussion? Do you have the courage to come to tutoring? Do you ask questions when you don’t understand something.  
A student of mine did poorly on an essay last week. He was upset and told me that he had decided to really try, and he put a lot of effort into it. I recognized that he had, but his big decision to put several hours into planning, writing and editing it didn’t make enough of a difference because while I was teaching the material, he was often unfocused and his notes and homework were superficial. Without realizing it, he had already decided to fail before he even began the essay. 
Even though he made these decisions unconsciously, it still affected his grade. Consider body language for instance. The way that you sit in class will affect how attentive you are and how much you can learn. Dozens of studies have shown that simply by looking at whoever is speaking increases retention and understanding.
            If so many of these decisions are so minor and unconscious, then how do we change them so that we can become more successful? That is where the bigger decisions come in. For someone who is doing well in school, they don’t consciously decide to do their homework, participate in class or take exact notes; it has become a habit for them. I am always amazed to see the brightest kids in our school are the ones who attend tutoring the most while the neediest kids rush home to play video games. The students who are not getting the 83 average needs to decide that they are going to go to tutoring, stop talking to their friends during class and ask questions when they are confused. At first, these may be difficult decisions to follow through on – breaking bad habits can be very difficult – but with time, success will become more natural and self-reinforcing. 

Be conscious of your decisions,

John Wenk

December 8                5:45-8:00        Parent Teacher Conferences
December 9                9:30-1:00        Senior Trip to College of Staten Island
December 13              2:00                 Academic Achievement Awards
December 15              6:00                 Parents’ Association
December 15-17                                 LoMATE Performances of Remember Maine


This week’s Shaka entry is a collaborative effort on the part of two Junior Advisories.  They have collected stories and examples of ways that they have or have not yet built up the habits that lead to excellence.  Enjoy.
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Success becomes a habit when you WANT to be successful--When you want to learn new things, when you want to have that two-story home and a great career.  Success becomes a habit when you choose to look after yourself and help yourself pay attention in class, hand in homework, and fulfill your responsibilities.  Once you focus on good habits, they will become part of your way of life and your way of thinking.
My time management is not the best. I usually stay up late doing homework, due to other home chores, outside activities and, honestly, distractions. There are a lot of times when I feel like I should just give up and not even turn in my homework. I know that the outcome of that will look terrible on my grades. I also know that if I get into that mindset, of just giving up and not bothering to finish, I will always do it, and eventually fall into a bad cycle. Recently I have been trying to finish my work earlier and build good habits. On that I haven’t gotten into is setting a timer, to really keep me on track and having a set time that I should be finished before.  Not giving up could go with more than just time management; it could go to fixing your grades, or increasing your stamina in reading. The main goal is to keep working and never give up, and you will reach success.
Success can become a habit when you want to become someone in life. In order to be successful in life, school-wise, you have to make sure you set certain goals in life. Some goals that I set for myself in school each marking period is to have an 85 and above average.
High school is very hard at times and you need a number of habits that can help you go a long way. When I say habits I don't mean bad ones of course but ones that help you get a 90 or maybe even more on a test. Personally I thought the beginning of high school was breeze and then came the first week of 11th grade. Dun dun dunnnnnnnnnn!! Anyways moving along, in order to survive with my grades I studied a lot. When I mean a lot ....... I MEAN A LOT!! Every time I had the chance to go to tutoring, you saw my butt in the classroom asking for help and an explanation. I don't really have anything I can say to help others because everyone has their own ways of getting good grades or ways that help them move along. If i were to say a few things as a helpful suggestion to success, I guess it would be the typical go to tutoring and study. I mean everyone says to do that but it really works and if you want try it too.
Success can't be achieved by just doing your work but also by building great relationships with the people around you. Talk to your teachers and classmates, build relationships with them that will later benefit yourself. Ask your teacher how their day is going. You don't want a teacher teaching with a nasty attitude; how would you ask questions, you would be scared of being yelled at. Talk to your classmates let them know not to misbehave, talking back to the teacher affects your learning time and how can you be successful without learning? 
LoMA has made me catch many habits. However not all of them are bad. One great habit I have picked up here at LoMA is studying with flashcards.  I have gotten into this habit and I have honestly seen a change in my test grades compared to when I don’t study. I have also picked up other topics here. For example I now stay in tutoring receiving help from my teachers and am involved in many extracurricular activities. At first I would want to go straight home to do nothing and just sleep, but now I have gotten into the habit of staying late in school and it does not bother me at all. 
Since freshman year I done so much better, and I've gotten better though my habits. For example when I come home from school, I take a nap and wake up refreshed, and then I start my homework. It really works, and also what's good is to go to tutoring before a test so you can go and study at home. Another simple thing you can do is to put due assignments in your calendar to remind yourself.

Build your habits, build your excellence.

Shaka


Wednesday, November 23, 2016

The Artist in Society

                                                                                                                      November 28, 2016

Dear LoMA Family,

            Two weeks ago, I went to a symposium at the Onassis Center wherein five artists and writers spoke on the role of the artist in society. Any answer to the question of “what is art” is impossible, yet a discussion on the topic is enriching and interesting.  Here are some of the more stimulating ideas I heard that night.
            The most common and traditional perception is that art should reflect what is beautiful in the world: a formal ballet, a tranquil landscape painting or a melodious symphony. In this sense, art creates an ideal that we can aspire to and that may offer solace in a difficult world. When I look at a Monet painting or listen to Mozart during the school day it calms me down and sets me right. One speaker described beauty in art as a “sanctuary.”
Awar Nafasi, a teacher and author from Iran, said art can do more than this when it “allows one to transcend one’s own reality.” Nafasi used to teach English literature in Tehran during the dictatorship. When these students would secretly and illegally read about 18th Century New Yorkers in Henry James novels or about Huck helping Tom escape slavery in Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn, they would escape their boundaries of oppression as they imagined living lives far different from their own. Whenever you are reading Shakespeare or Junot Diaz or studying art from another culture, you have the opportunity to discover new worlds for yourself.
Several speakers discussed James Baldwin’s command that artists “disturb the world.” For some, this may be political as so much great art is a moving response to oppression and violence.  Alvin Ailey did this powerfully with his choreography for “Revelations” and Picasso changed the very meaning of art with his painting “Guernica” Today, hip-hop has expanded on this tradition through the rhymes of Kendrick Lamar or Taylor the Creator and the videos of Beyoncé. As the photojournalist Eli Reed said that night, for artists such as these, “Resistance in art is not political; it is existential.” I don’t know if he meant to be ironic when he later said “I’ll bet a lot of great art will come out of the Trump presidency.”
There are, however, less political ways to “disturb the world.” Nafasi spoke of her desire to “challenge the atrophy of feelings” in order to “awaken the consciousness.” Art should have a visceral power; it should make us feel more strongly, love more deeply, and care more profoundly. The same movie can make us laugh and cry, a dance can inspire us and a song can evoke overwhelming memories. Done well, art “makes the ordinary less ordinary” and our world more magical.
With very little artistic talent of my own, I have helped to create two arts schools. I think it is because I feel so inspired and moved to be around such creative students and teachers. Their energy, creativity and resourcefulness inspires and energizes me. We all need the arts to make ourselves more caring, thoughtful, and stimulating, and to create a world that is more connected, just and innovative.

Work Hard,


John Wenk

November 29              10:30               Sophomore Trip to City College to hear St. Luke’s Orchestra
December 2                                        End of Second Marking Period
December 8                5:45-8:00        Parent Teacher Conferences


Dear LoMA Family,

The following is my manifesto for my 12th grade art project. It’s a year-long project. I've decided to create self-portraits, which allows me to see myself in different ways. I was uncomfortable with them before because really, who likes to stare at themselves and all of the things they do not like? However, as time passed I've accepted myself and see how important self-portraits are.

Recently, I came across this quote, "Art is a lie that helps us see the truth about ourselves". As soon as I read that quote I thought, oh sh*t that’s perfect for my manifesto. A lot of messages have been smacking me in the face lately, it feels crazy like the universe is talking to me. I'm so happy this is all happening, "Universe it’s me, I'm here, I see that you've decided to get back to me".

So like I said before, when I read that quote I almost sh*tted on myself. I used the word sh*t because I can (Don't go around using sh*t all willy-nilly kiddos. It's for the effectiveness of my manifesto).

This is my manifesto and I can.

That's the thing that makes art so absolutely positively perfect; I can do what I want, how I want, with materials I want, using the ideas I want, asking the questions I have, being daring when I can't otherwise, and just having fun.

The other perfect thing about art is exactly what the man said (“the man” being P-fizzle, P-fizzle being Pablo Picasso, duh). My work allows me to see who I am and how I really feel about myself, but I never realized that it's seeped through until afterwards.

I want to keep writing about what I learn, my perspective and all the new things I encounter, but it’s still all in process. Don't worry, I will keep you updated.

Gosh, I hope I don't suddenly think of what else I could have written while I’m croaking on my deathbed 231662726527892 years from now.

BACAFFAHKAVACHAKKAJGS!

I JUST REALIZED

Death by art would be a lovely way to go out.

I wouldn't mind it.

I really don't want to die mid-sentence, though.

How did this become a conversation about dying?

Hmm, another beautiful thing about art.

WAIT

CAN PEOPLE DIE MID POOP?

Don’t push too hard. You might get hemorrhoids and die.


Sincerely,


Shaka


Friday, November 18, 2016

Thanksgiving

                                                                                                                                November 21, 2016
Dear LoMA Family,

Aside from the overeating, I think Thanksgiving is one of our healthiest holidays. It provides us a time and place to reflect on what we are thankful for, and here at LoMA there is so much that I am grateful for.
            LoMA’s students are showing their success in so many ways this year:
·       In every class I visit, I am proud to see nearly every student hard at work.
·       This engagement continues well after the regular school day ends. Tutoring sessions are packed with diligent, committed students, and our after school clubs seem very popular and productive.
·       Student attendance is at 90% and timeliness has been getting better every year, demonstrating our students’ sense of responsibility.
These good efforts of our students is shown in the longest honor roll I can remember for the last marking period. As a school, our latest School Quality Guide made manifest the efforts of our family. Last year’s freshmen and sophomores got the highest scores in credit accumulation for passing all of their classes. Even better was that nearly all of our Regents scores exceeded the standards the city set for us. Best of all, however, is that once again, nearly all of our graduates are still in college after 18 months. I am so thankful that not only do our graduates go to college, they have learned the skills and behavior that will make them successful when they get there.
            One big reason for our students’ success is the work that LoMA’s teachers put into their creative lesson planning, professional lesson execution and dedicated tutoring sessions. I don’t think that students realize how much work it takes for teachers to plan interesting lessons. LoMA’s teachers don’t just repeat the same lessons year after year; they plan to together constantly to renew and refresh what and how they teach.
            That same caring is reflected in the work of all of LoMA’s support staff. For such a small school, we have a lot of counselors, paras, office staff, and school safety agents. All of these people are focused on ensuring that students can be successful in their academics. Beyond our school’s staff, I am thankful for all of the outside organizations who support our students. Edgies, Step Up, NYTW, NYU, SriptEd, and The Door all provide dedicated staff that provide fun, interesting programming that helps our students become more responsible, committed, and caring.
            We have so many wonderful events at LoMA. Last week’s Open House was a hit with our dancers and singers showing off how talented LoMA students are and our guides were friendly and enthusiastic. This spring, we will have our biggest visual arts event ever. LoMA has been selected to exhibit with the artist Chemi Rosado-Seijo at this year’s Whitney Biannual! The Biannual is like the Oscars for visual arts as it exhibits all of the greatest American artists working in the last two years. Our students will create art in a specially made studio gallery in the museum, and on weekends LoMA will become an exhibition space for the Biannual.
            One of our biggest annual events is our Thanksgiving Feast which will take place on Tuesday at 4:00 pm. I’ll be making eleven turkeys, four hams, and dozens of side dishes and desserts. LoMA Cares and Student Council will be serving the food and cleaning up, with the help of many staff. Please bring your families and join with us in thanksgiving.
            As you may have noticed last week, I’m not the only one writing the newsletter now. Mr. Ravdin and Ms. L. are now soliciting student response to the topics I write about so that we can have more of a student voice in what we think about. I want to thank both of them for organizing this. On the back of today’s letter, one of our anonymous students writes of what he is thankful for.

Work Hard,

John Wenk
November 22                                       Junior trip to NYTW
November 22               4:00                 LoMA’s Annual Thanksgiving Feast
November 24 and 25                           Thanksgiving Break
November 29               10:30               Sophomore Trip to City College to hear St. Luke’s Orchestra

Dear LoMA Family,

     Who are we without a tinge of altruism? Even though we aren't pure, there is faint presence of this rare quality in our very beings. The Lower Manhattan Arts Academy. Lower Manhattan’s fairest meadow. This humble academic institution has staff and programs that overflow with this sparse principle of selflessness.
     As an immigrant to this country, I was once lost on the road of life. I even lost my confidence, so how could I possibly win? But within the short time at this institution, I am found. My life can surely begin. When I first migrated, my transcript was in tatters (metaphorically). I truly hated math, and I only worked to pass a class. But after talking to, Ms. Cordero, I was provided with extra classes and programs to suit my need. Whether it be Milly, the lady with a thousand jobs, diligently waiting to distribute breakfast in the morning or tutoring after school, these staff give their all to make sure you're comfortable and on track.
    Whenever I hit a fork in the road, or I'm uncomfortable with whatever is happening in my life, I can approach anyone freely, with no inhibition or fear. Everyone is open. Everyone is here. Ms. Louisdhon, an eleventh grade humanities teacher, is sweet, caring, brutally honest, and is practically everyone's second mother. Through her outlook on life and strict review of my unfavorable ways, I am a better student. No matter what time it is, teachers always give you the time of day to review your work or to transform into your personal counselor, guiding those who sought them.
     As a student in a minority group, I am always uplifted by the students around me. Aside from the multitude of diverse faces and personalities, there is a cornucopia of clubs and societies readily accepting members at a moment’s notice. The school’s pride in the air is so thick that it can be cut with a knife.
     This school is where I find refuge. It's where I found friendship. It is a community that builds relationships and helps you adjust into adulthood. It has made me into the man I am today. I will be proud and thankful to call the Lower Manhattan Arts Academy, my Alma Mater.
Yours sincerely,


Shaka

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Electio

November 14, 2016                                                                     

Dear LoMA Family,
            I know that many students and staff are feeling a bit traumatized by the election results last week. The campaign took on a tone that became misogynist, racist and xenophobic, and touched a lot of nerves. Whether you were happy with the results or not, we must all recognize what President Obama said last Wednesday:  “We are all on the same team.”  Trump, himself, recognized this in his victory speech when he said, “Now it’s time for America to bind the wounds of division…It is time for us to come together as one united people.” Furthermore, he asked the people who did not vote for him “for your guidance and your help so that we can work together and unify our great country.”
            Given the rancor of the campaign, I can understand that many people may be hesitant to believe him. His statements about women were especially disturbing. As he repeatedly objectified, degraded and threatened women, it is understandable that many would feel devalued and disgusted by his rise to such a powerful position. I also understand that many people are disappointed that we came so close to electing such a highly qualified female candidate. As Secretary Clinton has said, we failed to break this glass ceiling now, and sooner than it feels now.
Also disturbing was his rhetoric about immigrants. Too many Americans seek to demonize immigrants, and anyone who look different from them.  They have a sense of America as a zero sum game where for one group to gain, another group has to lose. These people believe that if immigrants or minorities are successful, it will push them out. That’s not how it works, though. When any one group in America is successful, we all gain. For instance, 40% of the 500 biggest companies in America were founded by immigrants. In the same way, racial and sexual diversity has helped companies and organizations to be more successful for their customers and clients. Companies with women in powerful positions are becoming more common, but are still the exception. This will change as new research indicates that sexually diverse companies tend to be more profitable than ones run by only men. Listening to the seniors last week, I was so proud to hear how much they value the diversity that makes New York the greatest city in the world. No one can ever take those values away from us.
            To a large degree no one can. America is never about one person or party. Its foundation is in the Constitution that enshrines “equal protection under the law.” No one person or party can change the definition of citizenship. We have a long judicial case history and strong laws that support equal rights. Furthermore, our republic is supported by the three levels of government: federal, state and city. Most of the aspects of government that affect us most directly – school, NYPD, help for the poor - are in the hands of our mayor and governor. For all the attention around the president, our system of check and balances assures that he is just one part of a much larger system.
            President Obama also had this to say about the election: “Sometimes you lose an argument, sometimes you lose an election, but the path this country has taken has never been a straight line. We zig and zag.” This has been the 14th presidential election of my life. About a half of them have turned out as I would have wished, and after the others, I thought the country had made a huge mistake.  Historians have noted that we seem to shift control of the government about every eight years. Whatever it is, President Obama is right. Progress, whether in people or a nation is never a straight line; it moves in zigs and zags. But, as Martin Luther King said, “The arc of history is long, but it bends towards justice.” Sometimes, we need to have patience and forbearance to see the arc bend.

Work Hard,


November 14                                                  Second Freshmen Arts Rotation begins
November 17                         6:00                 Parents’ Association
November 22                                                  Juniors’ trip to NYTW
November 22                          4:30                 Thanksgiving Feast
 
John Wenk

Friday, November 4, 2016

grit

November 7, 2016
                                                                                                           
Dear LoMA Family,

            There’s been a lot of research and talk about the importance of persistence, or as it is now more commonly considered grit. Grit is built of self-determination and gives us the resiliency to keep trying even when obstacles build up against us. I see and admire it in our students who have had to overcome personal tragedy, difficult family issues and challenging environments to be successful. In their bravery and perseverance, they follow the maxim of the philosopher Nietzsche: “What does not destroy you only makes you stronger.” Unfortunately, the more common trajectory is that the more troubles a person faces, the more difficult it is for them to persevere. Therefore, the question is, why some people have more grit than others?
            Most obviously, grit has to begin with hope. If a student has already failed math multiple times, it’s understandable that she may feel that it is impossible and nothing will work. That way of thinking will also become a self-fulfilling prophecy. After all, if you believe that you can’t pass math, the best teacher will not be able to teach you even the simplest concept. Far more promising would be to believe that you need to try it a different way, attend tutoring more and/or go on-line to try to learn it differently. As long as there is hope there is possibility.
            Another aspect of grit is being aware and clear of exactly what you are after. Almost everyone wants to do well in school and go to a good college. Yet some believe that for this to happen, all they have to do is to pass their classes. This kind of magical thinking will never get them to their goal. They have to be focused on getting the 83 overall average, participating in extracurricular activities and taking college classes as a senior. In the same way, someone who wants to be a great dancer needs to work on their strength training, flexibility and knowledge of choreography. You have to know what you want, and how to get there.
            Perseverance is not universal to our nature. It is very likely that there are some areas where you show tremendous perseverance and others where you are too often a quitter. I have often seen students struggle valiantly through a difficult acting scene or song and then give up writing an essay or completing a lab. The difference comes down to what we care about. It is generally easier to care more about what we are good at or get positive feedback for. Unfortunately, our success is often measured by how we do on projects we don’t like to do. No one enjoys taking the SAT or Regents, but we have to care enough to persevere.
            Grit or perseverance is often connected to something called the frustration threshold. Low grit students often have a low threshold at which they give up trying. To help raise this threshold, our staff offers tutoring, encouragement and learning strategies in advisory. Ultimately, though, grit is up to the individual. No one can force you to care or carry on when the going gets tough. Your family, friends and teachers can help, but in the end, perseverance has to come from within.

Keep trying,

John Wenk

November 8                                                    Election Day-No Classes
November 10                                                  Senior Dinner at Benihana
November 11                                                  Veterans Day – no school
November 14                                                  Second Freshmen Arts Rotation begins
 
 

Friday, October 28, 2016

Use them or lose them

October 31, 2016
                                                                                                           
Dear LoMA Family,

I’ve been reading Norman Doidge’s book, The Brain that Changes Itself.  It’s an amazing summary of the latest in neural research about how the brain works. Neurons are the brain cells that make us smart – the more robust they are, the better they connect to each other, the smarter we are.  These neurons grow very similarly to muscles.  The more they are used, the more they grow. In one experiment, scientists put one set of rats in a stimulating cage with wheels, toys and mazes that required them to do a lot of thinking and exercise.  Another set of rats were given all the food they wanted and did very little.  When they killed the rats and studied their brains, they found that the active rats had much more robust neural networks for two reasons: the physical exercise the active rats performed delivered more oxygen-enriched blood to the brain and thus helped the neurons grow; and the more the rats had to problem solve the more the neurons grew. Experiments on humans (that don’t involve brain autopsies) confirm that the more stimulating a person’s environment, the more robust the neuron networks become.  A stimulating human environment, however, doesn’t have mazes, cages and wheels; it has challenging academic classes, interaction with the arts, and a demanding gym class.
While I knew about these experiments, Doige’s book taught me one area of brain research that has changed significantly in the last twenty years. When I was learning to be a teacher, I was taught that most neurons have a critical growth period in young childhood, and if they don’t grow by the time adolescence sets in, then it’s often too late. In one gruesome example of this, scientists sewed shut the eyes of a newborn kitten.  When it was one-year old, they cut sutures. but the kitten remained blind for life because that visual part of the brain developed into something else, and the opportunity to learn to see had passed.  In humans, a similar dynamic occurs with language acquisition.  My niece learned English within six months of coming to America because she was nine years old; her mom, however, struggled for three years before becoming fluent.  The evidence always seemed to support that the younger we are, the faster we learn.
The new evidence, however, shows that learning is more complicated than this because robust neural networks can actually be a problem if they become overly stimulated .  For example, young children’s brains want them to try everything making them too unfocused to concentrate on complex problems like higher level math or reading.  To prevent this overstimulation, the brain is constantly trimming and shaping its neural connections especially in adolescence when the brain follows a rule of use them or lose them.  In other words, adolescence, not childhood, is the most critical period for developing higher-order thinking skills because it is the period when the brain is deciding which neurons are most important: the ones for watching TV and gossiping, or the ones for critical thinking.  This is why it is important that high school students be given as much demanding, thought provoking work as they can handle.  The more difficult math problems students do, the more challenging books, they read, and the more vocabulary they learn now, they smarter they will be for life.  It is not too late yet, but soon it will be.

Exercise your brain,

John Wenk


November 1                                                    Second Freshmen Arts Rotation begins
November 3                                                    Parent Teacher Conferences
November 4                1:00-3:00                    Parent Teacher Conferences (half day)
November 8                                                    Election Day-No Classes
November 10                                                  Senior Dinner at Benihana
November 11                                                  Veterans Day – no school